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Prof. Andras Gilyen: Exponential advantage of adiabatic quantum computation with no sign problem
27 May 2021 @ 5:30 PM – 6:30 PM IDT
We demonstrate the possibility of (sub)exponential quantum speedup via a quantum algorithm that follows an adiabatic path of a gapped Hamiltonian with no sign problem.
This strengthens the superpolynomial separation recently proved by Hastings. The Hamiltonian that exhibits this speed-up comes from the adjacency matrix of an undirected
graph, and we can view the adiabatic evolution as an efficient O(poly(n))-time quantum algorithm for finding a specific “EXIT” vertex in the graph given the “ENTRANCE” vertex.
On the other hand we show that if the graph is given via an adjacency-list oracle, there is no classical algorithm that finds the “EXIT” with probability greater than exp(−nδ) using at most exp(nδ) queries for δ=15−o(1).
Our construction of the graph is somewhat similar to the “welded-trees” construction of Childs et al., but uses additional ideas of Hastings for achieving a spectral gap and a short adiabatic path.